Publications

Identifying Knife River Flint in Alberta : a silicified lignite toolstone from North Dakota

Description

This article is the fourth in a series intended to assist the identification of raw materials used for precontact stone tools in Alberta. Each article focuses on one raw material; the current article discusses a silicified lignite called Knife River Flint (KRF) that originates in North Dakota and appears in archaeological sites across Alberta. Local materials, including chalcedony, silicified peat/petrified wood, and translucent chert, can be mistaken for KRF: macroscopic and microscope qualities of these materials are described with an accompanying photograph library to assist identification. Several methods were tested to assess their feasibility for distinguishing KRF from local materials. KRF so closely resembles other materials in terms of macroscopics, microscopics, and geochemistry that conclusively demonstrating provenance remains problematic.

Tags
INAA KRF Knife River Knife River Flint archaeology chalcedony chert instrumental neutron activation analysis lignite northern plains petrified wood silicified peat stone tools

Title and publication information

Type
Report
Alternative Title

Archaeological Survey of Alberta occasional paper no. 38

Alternative Title

The swing of things : contributions to archaeological research in Alberta, 2018

Extent

24 pages

Frequency

Once

Publisher / Creator Information

Publisher

Culture and Tourism

Contributor

Kristensen, Todd

Contributor

Moffat, Emily

Contributor

Duke, M. John. M.

Contributor

Locock, Andrew J.

Contributor

Sharphead, Cody

Contributor

Ives, John W.

Place of Publication

Edmonton

Subject Information

Resource Dates

Date Created

2018-02-27

Date Added

2018-02-27T19:17:15.184421

Date Modified

2018-02-27

Date Issued

2018-02-27

Audience information

Identifiers

ISBN (pdf)

9781460138175

Usage / Licence

Licence

No licence

Contact

Contact Name

Todd Kristensen