Open Data

Annual Solar Radiation 1971-2000

Description

The data represents the annual solar radiation in Alberta over the 30-year period from 1971 to 2000. A 30-year period is use to describe the present climate since it is enough time to filter out short-term fluctuation by is not dominated by any long-term trend in the climate. Daily total incoming solar radiation is measured in megajoules per square metre (MJ/m2). Southern Alberta receives the greatest amount of annual global solar radiation with the amount gradually decreasing as you move farther north. However, cropping is successful in the northern (Peace River) area of Alberta because the longer summer day length helps compensate for the less intense solar radiation. Cloud cover in the mountains will reduce the amount of solar radiation received there.The amount of solar radiation received at the earth's surface varies with two factors that depend on latitude: the angle of the sun's rays and the hours of daylight. The distance from the equator, and therefore the intensity of the sun's radiation has the greatest effect on climate. Canada's position in the northern portion of the earth's northern hemisphere means that it receives less solar radiation compared to countries near the equator. The northward decrease in solar radiation is also noticeable within Alberta. Temperatures are generally higher in southern Alberta in comparison to northern Alberta because the south receives more solar radiation. This resource was created using ArcGIS.

Updated

December 4, 2017

Tags
ALBERTA CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE CROPPING SYSTEMS DOWNLOADABLE DATA PLANT PRODUCTION SUNLIGHT WEATHER

Title and Dataset Information

Alternative Title

Annual Solar Radiation 1971-2000

Date Modified

2017-12-04

Update Frequency

Other

Publisher / Creator Information

Publisher

Agriculture and Forestry

Subject Information

Resource Dates

Date Created

2005-09-01

Date Added to catalogue

2017-12-12T04:55:32.897414

Date Issued

2005-09-01

Date Modified

2017-12-04

Identifiers

Usage / Licence

Usage Considerations

Provides users with representation of solar radiation. The data is suitable for indexing and analysis purposes. Producers use climate information, including solar radiation, as a long-term planning tool. For example, in selecting a location for a farm or planning a cropping program, this information is important. Knowing that southern Alberta receives more solar radiation, making temperatures generally higher there, will affect the copping choices and management option available. By combining knowledge of the agricultural operation with knowledge of what is likely to happen (climate), the producer can then decide on the acceptable level of risk due to adverse conditions.

Contact

Contact Name

Alberta Agriculture and Forestry, Government of Alberta

Contact Email

duke@gov.ab.ca